Beginning of Religion Our awareness of religion and the spirit world probably began at the time of the Upper Palaeolithic Revolution, about 50, years ago. Religion is considered to be one of the cultural universals, a trait common to all human cultures worldwide right throughout the history of humanity.
Obelisk of AksumEthiopia There were a number of regional empires during this period. The kingdom of the Medes helped to destroy the Assyrian Empire in tandem with the nomadic Scythians and the Babylonians.
Several empires began in modern-day Greece. From the 4th to 6th centuries, northern India was ruled by the Gupta Empire. In southern India, three prominent Dravidian kingdoms emerged: The ensuing stability contributed to heralding in the golden age of Hindu culture in the 4th and 5th centuries.
The empire would continue to grow, controlling much of the land from England to Mesopotamiareaching its greatest extent under the emperor Trajan died CE.
In the 3rd century CE, the empire split into western and eastern regions, with usually separate emperors. The eastern empire, now known as the Byzantine Empirewith its capital at Constantinoplewould continue for another thousand years, until Constantinople was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in Han China developed advanced cartography, shipbuilding, and navigation.
The Chinese invented blast furnacesand created finely tuned copper instruments. As with other empires during the Classical Period, Han China advanced significantly in the areas of government, education, mathematics, astronomy, technology, and many others.
It minted its own currency and carved enormous monolithic steles such as the Obelisk of Axum to mark their emperors' graves. Successful regional empires were also established in the Americasarising from cultures established as early as BCE. Maya civilization arose as the Olmec mother culture gradually declined.
The later empire of the Aztecs was built on neighbouring cultures and was influenced by conquered peoples such as the Toltecs. Some areas experienced slow but steady technological advances, with important developments such as the stirrup and moldboard plough arriving every few centuries.
There were, however, in some regions, periods of rapid technological progress. Most important, perhaps, was the Mediterranean area during the Hellenistic periodwhen hundreds of technologies were invented. Declines, falls, and resurgence The ancient empires faced common problems associated with maintaining huge armies and supporting a central bureaucracy.
These costs fell most heavily on the peasantrywhile land-owning magnates increasingly evaded centralized control and its costs. Barbarian pressure on the frontiers hastened internal dissolution. China 's Han dynasty fell into civil war in CE, beginning the Three Kingdoms period, while its Roman counterpart became increasingly decentralized and divided about the same time in what is known as the Crisis of the Third Century.
The great empires of Eurasia were all located on temperate and subtropical coastal plains.
From the Central Asian steppes, horse-based nomads, mainly Mongols and Turks, dominated a large part of the continent. The development of the stirrup and the breeding of horses strong enough to carry a fully armed archer made the nomads a constant threat to the more settled civilizations.
The Pantheon in RomeItalynow a Catholic church The gradual break-up of the Roman Empirespanning several centuries after the 2nd century CE, coincided with the spread of Christianity outward from the Middle East. After the fall of the Eastern Han Dynasty  and the demise of the Three Kingdoms, nomadic tribes from the north began to invade in the 4th century, eventually conquering areas of northern China and setting up many small kingdoms.World War I began in the Balkans in late July and ended in November , leaving 17 million dead and 20 million wounded.
Scholars looking at the long-term seek to explain why two rival sets of powers – Germany and Austria-Hungary on the one hand, and Russia, France, and Great Britain on the other – had come into conflict by How did the world begin according to Buddhism?
According to what the Buddha taught, how the world began is completely irrelevant. The Buddha taught about anguish, the causes of anguish, that we can be free of anguish, a nd the methods to be free of anguish.
One of the most profound questions that scientists can ask is: "How did the universe begin?" Last week British Radio-Astronomer A.C.B.
|a multimedia history of world war one||Two weeks later, on June 28, Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, were in Sarajevo to inspect the imperial armed forces in Bosnia-Herzegovina. When year-old Gavrilo Princip and his fellow members of the nationalist Young Bosnia movement learned of the archduke's planned visit, they took action:|
|Outbreak of World War I - HISTORY||A lot of these factors were rooted in the deep history of the old powers of Europe including Russia, Germany, France, Italy, Austria, Hungary, and Britain.|
Lovell of the University of Manchester predicted that within a few years the new giant radio telescopes, which enable man to probe far deeper into interstellar space than the biggest optical telescope, will provide some sort of an answer. How Did World War 1 Start? The immediate cause for World War 1 was the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his pregnant wife Sophie.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was the nephew of Emperor Franz Josef and heir to the throne of Austria and Hungary. Aug 24, · Watch video · How a Wrong Turn Started World War I. As the summer of approached, the balance of power in Europe looked shaky at best. The history of the world, in common parlance, is the history of humanity (or human history), as determined from archaeology, anthropology, genetics, linguistics, and other disciplines; and, for periods since the invention of writing, from recorded history and from secondary sources and studies.