January 25, Palm Island, Florida American gangster and criminal Al "Scarface" Capone was an American gangster who rose to power during the Prohibition era —33when the United States banned the production and sale of liquor.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Al, the fourth of nine children, grew up in Brooklyn, New York. He attended school until the sixth grade, quitting school at age 14 after striking a teacher.
Capone also became a member of the James Street Boys gang during this period, which was run by Johnny Torriothe man that would become his lifelong mentor, and associated with the Five Points gang.
Before Capone turned 21, he was involved in several violent incidents.
Despite being questioned by the police, Capone was let go because no one had witnessed the murder. In another incident, Capone brutally assaulted a low-level member of the rival White Hand gang and left him for dead.
Since White Hand gang leaders promised retributionYale sent Capone, his wife, and his young child to Chicago to work for Torrio.
As Prohibition began, new bootlegging operations opened up and drew in immense wealth. William McSwiggin, an aggressive prosecutor, attempted but failed to indict Capone when the eyewitnesses to the killing, fearing harm, lost their nerve and their memories of the incident.
After a stint in prisonTorrio retired to Italy, and Capone became crime czar of Chicago, running gamblingprostitutionand bootlegging rackets and expanding his territories by gunning down rivals and rival gangs. In Capone went into hiding for three months after he and some of his gunmen inadvertently killed McSwiggin while attacking other rivals.
That evening McSwiggin had been out drinking with two childhood friends, who were also beer runners, and other criminals when he was gunned down in the street. Again Capone went unpunished. The most notorious of the bloodlettings was the St. Also inCapone served some 10 months in Holmesburg Prison, in Philadelphiaafter being convicted of possessing a concealed handgun.
Many Americans were fascinated by the larger-than-life image of Capone. Indeed, the motion picture Scarface: The Shame of a Nationdirected by Howard Hawksstarred Paul Muni in the role of a gangster loosely based on Capone, who reputedly obtained a copy of the film for private screenings.
On June 5,Capone was indicted for 22 counts of federal income-tax evasion for the years through On June 12 Capone and others were charged with conspiracy to violate Prohibition laws for the years to He entered Atlanta penitentiary in May but was transferred to the new Alcatraz prison in August In Novembersuffering from the general deterioration of paresis a late stage of syphilishe was released and entered a Baltimore hospital.
Later he retired to his Florida estate, where he died from cardiac arrest ina powerless recluse.The movie has an important place in American history—and the history of LIF. Directed by Steve Carver. With Ben Gazzara, Susan Blakely, Harry Guardino, Sylvester Stallone.
The story of the rise and fall of the infamous Chicago gangster Al Capone and the control he exhibited over the city during the prohibition years. Unusually, briefly covering the years after Capone was imprisoned.
Al Capone: Al Capone, American Prohibition-era gangster who dominated organized crime in Chicago from to In Capone was indicted for federal income-tax evasion and was tried, found guilty, and sentenced to 11 years in prison. He served in the Atlanta penitentiary and Alcatraz before being released in Apr 30, · Al Capone will forever go down in history as one of the most notorious gangsters of all time.
Despite countless depictions from the big screen to television, little light has been shed on the final years of his life.
Al Capone: Life of crime. May 28, These images of Al Capone from the s and s were digitized from glass-plate negatives that were kept for decades .