The cold war 1953 to 1991

The symbolic first meeting of American and Soviet soldiers occurred at Torgau, Ger. Their handshakes and toasts in beer and vodka celebrated their common victory over Nazi Germany and marked the collapse of old Europe altogether; but their… Origins of the Cold War Following the surrender of Nazi Germany in May near the close of World War IIthe uneasy wartime alliance between the United States and Great Britain on the one hand and the Soviet Union on the other began to unravel.

The cold war 1953 to 1991

The struggle between superpowers

Visit Website Did you know? The term 'cold war' first appeared in a essay by the English writer George Orwell called 'You and the Atomic Bomb. The Atomic Age The containment strategy also provided the rationale for an unprecedented arms buildup in the United States.

To that end, the report called for a four-fold increase in defense spending. Visit Website In particular, American officials encouraged the development of atomic weapons like the ones that had ended World War II.

In response, President Truman announced that the United States would build an even more destructive atomic weapon: As a result, the stakes of the Cold War were perilously high. The first H-bomb test, in the Eniwetok atoll in the Marshall Islands, showed just how fearsome the nuclear age could be.

It created a square-mile fireball that vaporized an island, blew a huge hole in the ocean floor and had the power to destroy half of Manhattan. Subsequent American and Soviet tests spewed poisonous radioactive waste into the atmosphere.

The ever-present threat of nuclear annihilation had a great impact on American domestic life as well. People built bomb shelters in their backyards.

They practiced attack drills in schools and other public places. The s and s saw an epidemic of popular films that horrified moviegoers with depictions of nuclear devastation and mutant creatures.

In the United States, space was seen as the next frontier, a logical extension of the grand American tradition of exploration, and it was crucial not to lose too much ground to the Soviets.

In addition, this demonstration of the overwhelming power of the R-7 missile—seemingly capable of delivering a nuclear warhead into U.

Inthe U. Army under the direction of rocket scientist Wernher von Braun, and what came to be known as the Space Race was underway.

That same year, President Dwight Eisenhower signed a public order creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAa federal agency dedicated to space exploration, as well as several programs seeking to exploit the military potential of space.

Still, the Soviets were one step ahead, launching the first man into space in April Kennedy made the bold public claim that the U.

The cold war 1953 to 1991

Soviets, in turn, were pictured as the ultimate villains, with their massive, relentless efforts to surpass America and prove the power of the communist system. The committee began a series of hearings designed to show that communist subversion in the United States was alive and well.

In HollywoodHUAC forced hundreds of people who worked in the movie industry to renounce left-wing political beliefs and testify against one another.

More than people lost their jobs. Soon, other anticommunist politicians, most notably Senator Joseph McCarthyexpanded this probe to include anyone who worked in the federal government. Thousands of federal employees were investigated, fired and even prosecuted.Discover how the Cold War turned hot for the first time, on the Korean peninsula in the early s.

The cold war 1953 to 1991

Kill 'em All': The American Military in Korea - Jeremy Williams explores the repercussions of a brutal episode in Cold War history.

The – Korean War was the first East-West armed clash. The earlier Berlin airlift was not a major armed clash, but just a armed blockade and counter-blockade air lift.

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BBC - History: Cold War

View Mobile Site. The Cold War was 'fought' in the aftermath of World War Two, from the collapse of the wartime alliance between the Anglo-American led Allies and the USSR to the collapse of the USSR itself, with the most common dates for these identified as to Of course, like most historical events, the.

Cold War: Summary of the Cold War, setting off an indecisive Korean War that lasted until In late the Soviet Union collapsed and 15 newly independent nations were born from its corpse, including a Russia with a democratically elected, anticommunist leader.

The Cold War had come to . This article provides a Cold War timeline covering all the events of U.S.-Russia global competition, from World War Two to the end of the USSR The Cold War Timeline. Timelines. Cold War Timeline: Date: Summary: Detailed Information: February 4th – 11th July 27th Korean War.

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BBC - History: Cold War