Children in Conflict with the Law:
A similar study of 51 juveniles in a borstal remand centre in South West Nigeria found the commonest reason for admission as being beyond parental control The ensuing poverty and lack of social support may have led to the disintegration of families thus, producing more abandoned children.
The psychosocial needs of the inmates of the home identified in this study are similar to what was reported by Odejide and Toyewho found that only Likewise, in the study, less than a third Another study which looked at inmates in similar institutions from 15 Nigerian states, also found that only It is noteworthy, that a significant percentage of children in this study could not give their sociodemographic details.
Possible reasons for this could be that some children were too young to remember such information correctly.
Others may have been reluctant, fearful or deliberately refused to disclose information that could help in tracing their parents following different forms of abuse 3. The mental retardation observed in some of the children may also have contributed to this inability. In recent years, several studies have focused on vulnerable children in Nigeria and these have been classified as orphans and street children.
Firstly, they are older mean age of It is possible then that because these children are older, they are able to avoid the law and survive economically on the streets, but there is probably still some overlap between the two groups.
Maru et al, 24 in Nairobi reported the crude psychiatric morbidity CPM rate in a Kenya juvenile court as In this study, the rate was as high as Anxiety and Depressive symptoms which have been reported to be most common among incarcerated youth 25 were also found to be most common in this study.
Though higher rates of psychopathology have been reported among incarcerated female youths as compared to males, 2526 this study did not find a statistically significant difference between the sexes.
The former studies however were carried out among samples of pure offenders with larger sample sizes, while this study had a more heterogeneous group and very small size. The risk of suicide is reported to be greater in incarcerated youths due to high rates of psychiatric disorder and trauma.
The high rates of psychopathology found among children in this study constitute important preliminary epidemiological data which could serve as a guide for health planners and policy makers. This is based on the fact that in a country like Nigeria where mental health resources are scarce and the limited mental health services are poorly organized 3031 children in institutions are likely to be last on the allocation list for resources.
The major strengths of this study is that it provides preliminary data on the demographic profile, psychosocial needs, and types of psychopathology among incarcerated children in a developing African country in the 21st century.
It also identifies them as another sub-group of vulnerable children. The study was however limited by the small sample size, thus making it difficult to generalize the findings. Federal Ministry of Health. The role of family structure in the development of delinquent behaviour among juveniles in Lagos.
Nigerian Journal of Economics and Social Sciences. Juvenile delinquency in developing countries. A province example in Turkey. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry.
Humanitarian news analysis of the UN office for the coordination of humanitarian affairs.
Child and young persons Law. Psychiatric disorders in youth in juvenile detention. Use of passive consent in child and adolescent mental health research; effects of letter from Dr Charles R. Odejide A, Toye S. A survey of the inmates of a remand home in Ibadan.
Nigerian journal of pediatrics. Psychosocial issues in a child and adolescent psychiatric clinic population in Nigeria.
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. Ulzen T, Hamilton H. The nature and characteristics of psychiatry co morbidity in incarcerated adolescents. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Social and health behaviors in youth of the streets of Ibadan, Nigeria.
Social correlates and coping measures of street children:Scribd es red social de lectura y publicación más importante del mundo. In Nigeria, the definition of a juvenile cases were processed in juvenile courts in the United is implied from the provisions of the Children and Young States representing a 41% increase in cases since persons Act, as a person above the age of 14 but under 17 (Okonkwo (Butts, ).
Publ. Hlth, Lond. ()98, 33 Juvenile Delinquency in Bendel State, Nigeria Wole Alakija, M.D. Department of Community Hea/th, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria A study of the juvenile delinquency in Bendel State of Nigeria, over a period of 12 years, has revealed an upsurge in its prevalence.
Get this from a library! Juvenile delinquency and juvenile violence in Jos--Nigeria. [Sam O Smah]. Juvenile Deliquency in Ibadan, Nigeria JUVENILE DELIQUENCY IN IBADAN, NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION In the s, juvenile delinquency has become a major global problem. The rising incidence of juvenile delinquency in many countries may be caused by certain socio-economic problems often associated with development.
Juvenile delinquency, also known as "juvenile offending", is participation in illegal behavior by minors (juveniles, i.e. individuals younger than the statutory age of majority). Most legal systems prescribe specific procedures for dealing with juveniles, such as juvenile detention centers, and courts.