Machiavelli married Marietta Corsini in Political-military alliances continually changed, featuring condottieri mercenary leaderswho changed sides without warning, and the rise and fall of many short-lived governments. It is thought that he did not learn Greek even though Florence was at the time one of the centres of Greek scholarship in Europe. In Florence restored the republicexpelling the Medici family that had ruled Florence for some sixty years.
He served in a number of minor government positions, and was banished or imprisoned at various points of his career. He was responsible official in Florentine Republic with diplomatic and military affairs.
One of his most notable positions was serving as a sort of political advisor to the Borgia family. He is now regarded as the founder of modern political science, particularly of political ethics.
He shortly explain his intention which are the actions of great men and the principles of princely government. He also does this with expectation of satisfactory and informing the Medici family about his knowledge.
He offers this book as a gift to the ruler and his family. The Prince is unique, not because it explains how to take control of other lands and how to control them, but because it gives advice that often disregards all moral and ethical rules. Machiavelli generally discusses the different types of the principalities or states, and how to remain them.
He then classify the various kinds of states: Machiavelli describes the different kinds of states, debating that all states are either republics or principalities. Principalities can be divided as hereditary principalities and new principalities.
New principalities are either completely new or new additions to existing states. By fortune or strength, a prince can acquire a new principality with his own army or with the arms of others. The second chapter focuses on hereditary principates.
Machiavelli notes that it is easier to govern a hereditary state than a new principality for two main reasons. The natural prince has to keep past institutions untouched while adapting these institutions.
Second, the natural tendency of subjects in a hereditary state is to love the ruling family. He suppress the weaker states by increasing the strength of the major power the Churchbring in a foreign power Spainnever set up colonies, and dispossess the Venetians of their power.
Machiavelli goes one step further, noting that it is better to disrupt the poor and powerless than the rich and powerful. Because the poor cannot fight back. In chapter four, there are two ways to govern a principality.
The first contains a prince and appointed ministers. While the ministers help govern, everyone remains obeyed to the prince. The second way includes a prince and nobles.
Nobles are not appointed by the prince, but they benefit from their ancient lineage and have subjects of their own. As a result, the first kind is difficult to conquer, for him, and easy to hold onto.
But the latter is easy to conquer and difficult to hold onto. Machiavelli describes three ways to hold states that have been familiar to living freely under their own laws.
The first is destroying them. The second is occupying them for the conqueror.Searchable online literature. Books by famous authors. Author Biography's. Literature Quotes. Try Our Friends At: The Essay Store.
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