Distinguish between geocentric view and heliocentric view of the universe? In astronomy, the geocentric model or the Ptolemaic worldview of the universe is the superseded theory that the Earth is the center of the universe and other objects go around… it. Belief in this system was common in ancient Greece. It was embraced by both Aristotle and Ptolemy, and most Ancient Greek philosophers assumed that the Sun, Moon, stars, and naked eye planets circle the Earth.
As evident from medical and philosophical documents of the sixth to fourth centuries B. The ancient Greeks developed the physiocratic school of thought, realizing that maintaining good health and fighting illness depend on natural causes and that health and disease cannot be dissociated from particular physical and social environments nor from human behavior.
In this context, they defined health as a state of dynamic equilibrium between the internal and the external environment, they took under consideration the physical and social determinants of health, they empowered individuals and communities through new democratic and participatory institutions, they gave emphasis in health education and skill development, they recognized the importance of supportive environments and of healthy public policy and they re-oriented medicine toward a more naturalistic and humanistic perspective.
The aim of the present study is to highlight such core concepts from these early times that helped establishing the foundations for health promotion and education in the modern era according to the Ottawa Charter.
Although it is commonly accepted that these basic concepts of health promotion have been developed in the last two decades, they have roots in ancient civilizations and in particular in Greek antiquity. As evident from medical and philosophical documents—especially of the sixth to fourth centuries B.
Zeller maintains that the ancient Greeks were able to look at the world, its customs and traditions unhindered by superstitions. The mythical world was replaced by the one created by the power of the independent human intellect, a world which demanded that reality be explained through natural causes.
Major philosophical, practical and theoretical issues were raised and answered in a language defined by its clarity—a clarity that came to be the characteristic attribute of the Greek philosophical spirit.
Philosophy and science remained a unified whole until the time of Aristotle. They diversified into distinct disciplines during the Hellenistic period, in Alexandria, Antiohia, Pergamos and later Rhodes.
These philosophical speculations about nature became enmeshed in dialogue with medical beliefs about health and sickness and they effected, in both immediate and intermediate ways, the views of ancient Greeks in defining health, in appreciating the need for developing skills and community development, in securing supportive environments, in developing healthy public policy and in re-orienting health services, in other words in serving to a great extent the basic concepts of health promotion according to the Ottawa Charter.
This fact is of great importance for the history of ideas as well as for the understanding of the continuity and evolution of human thought Ackerknecht, All these theories have as a starting point the number 4, which was of great significance for Pythagorean philosophy that dominated the pre-Socratic period Temkin, The Pythagoreans maintained that harmony, perfect equilibrium and perfect balance were the key elements to health.
Health is a condition of unique equilibrium of the four bodily fluids blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile Temkin, Illness results when this balance is upset and thus the important thing for maintaining health is to practice a way of life that allows for minimum disturbances to occur in the body.
Since balance can easily be disrupted by external factors, efforts are concentrated on regulating the physical and nutritional conditions of the human body. These theories are also encountered later on in Socratic philosophy.
A healthy body is a well-balanced body, one that exists in harmony with cosmic laws and order Ackerknecht, Health theories became more detailed and specific through the work of Hippocrates [It is argued by many scholars that all we know about Hippocrates is legend.
No one either in antiquity or now has been able to determine which works of the so-called Hippocratic Corpus are by him Longrigg, Pathogenic process, according to Hippocratics, is a result of the overturn of equilibrium and the predominance of one of the four fluids that causes disease through the disruption of the equilibrium of the four fluids.
In other words, health was equilibrium and illness an upset. On Regimen pictured the body as being in perpetual flux: On the Nature of Man the body was viewed as stable until illness subverted it. It should be stressed that good diet was crucial to health.
The Greek word diet, as Sigerist notes in his writings, had a much broader meaning than the one we give to it today.
Diet meant more than food and drink, diatetica dieteticsthe cornerstone of the healing art, involved an entire lifestyle. Hippocratics posited a natural theory of disease etiology. Rigatosfor example, notes that the treatment of male impotence, frequent among the Skythan people and primarily the wealthy Skythan population, is a case in point.
According to prevalent views, male impotence was a god-sent punishment. Hippocrates managed to make certain observations that were connected to horse riding, rheumatism, physical tiredness, weather conditions, ground conditions, diet practices etc.What Are The Distinguishing Factors Between The Contemporary Views Of Health Promotion Versus The Historical View Health promotion is defined as the process of enabling people to increase control over and improve their health (World Health Organization, n.d.).
What Are The Distinguishing Factors Between The Contemporary Views Of Health Promotion Versus The Historical View Health promotion is defined as the process of enabling people to increase control over and improve their health (World Health Organization, n.d.).
• Administering immunizations is an example of illness prevention. • Giving a bath is aesthetic (i. e., not needed for health promotion or disease prevention). • Correct: Health promotion focuses on maintaining normal status without consideration of diseases.
• Performing diagnostic procedures focuses on 5/5(7). Contemporary views of health promotion support going to the doctorfor illnesses, while the historical view favored putting offmedical treatments.
This content was STOLEN from regardbouddhiste.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here! Question: What are the distinguishing factors between the contemporary views of health promotion versus the historical view?
How and why did these differences develop? Contemporary views of health promotion support going to the doctorfor illnesses, while the historical view favored putting offmedical treatments.
Current health promotion view s support livinghealthy, while previous views disregarded health education.