Carbs in the human body essay

Some of the things I said in the article are no longer true of me, or of what I currently believe. Also, just possibly, you may find yourself smiling or even laughing out loud at one part or another. The Health Food Eating Disorder Because I am a physician who practices alternative medicine, patients who come to me often begin the conversation by asking whether they can be cured through diet.

Carbs in the human body essay

The Role Of Carbohydrates In The Body Five subheadings follow in this lesson subdivision, but there is actually only one basic role of carbohydrates in the human diet: It should always be kept in mind that carbohydrates or calories alone cannot adequately supply our energy needs, for we must have our carbohydrates in combination with other needs, such as proteins, water, vitamins, minerals, fats, etc.

A person on such a diet would suffer many problems, for the organism is not capable of living long or well on bare carbohydrates alone.

They must be obtained in combination with the other essential food factors to be truly useful in the overall energy production and nutrition of the organism. Glucose is in the blood and extracellular fluids lymph and can be made from glycogen.

Glycogen is stored in the liver and muscles and in smaller amounts in the other organs and tissues of the body. Energy is derived from glucose by the splitting of the glucose molecules into smaller compounds and oxidizing these to form water, which frees quite a large amount of energy.

When carbohydrates needed for the functioning of the central nervous system, the muscles and the other body systems and functions are insufficient in the diet as during a fast or on a weight-loss dietstored adipose tissue fat is broken down into glucose to make up the caloric deficit.

Some amino acids, instead of being used to make proteins, are deaminated and used as carbohydrates to supply energy. The formation of glucose from amino acids is called gluconeogenesis. This phenomenon enables one to maintain normal blood sugar levels during a fast. Practically the entire fat store of the body can be used up without detriment to health.

According to physiology texts, the glycogen in nervous tissues remains constant and is not mobilized for conversion to glucose.

When insufficient carbohydrates are consumed to meet the energy needs of the central nervous system, besides the occurrence of gluconeogenesis, another phenomenon occurs during a fast of three weeks or more: The cells of the central nervous system adapt their metabolic apparatus to use ketone bodies in place of glucose.

Ketone bodies are substances synthesized by the liver as a step in the metabolism of fats. The nerve cells obtain their needed functional energy from these metabolites. This explains why patients with blood sugar problems diabetes or hypoglycemia do not suffer ill effects during a fast.

In fact, they benefit by fasting. This topic will be discussed in depth in a later lesson. Fats and proteins can be used only indirectly—by first being converted into carbohydrates.

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For this reason, a proper diet should consist primarily of carbohydrates—not primarily of proteins and fats as are commonly consumed in conventional nonvegetarian and some lacto- and lacto-ovo vegetarian diets.

The muscles use the glycogen present in the muscle cells and glucose in the bloodstream. However, glycogen from the muscles is more efficiently used than glucose because the breakdown of glycogen for use does not require energy input at the time, whereas a certain amount of energy is used to bring the blood sugar into the metabolic system of the muscles.

It does require energy to build up the glycogen supply in the first place, but this happens during periods of rest when plenty of energy is available. The protein breakdown is evidenced by an increased excretion of nitrogen in the urine, and the fat breakdown is evidenced by a rise in the level of ketone bodies in the urine and in the blood.

The blood sugar level is simultaneously lower. The body works much more efficiently from carbohydrate intake than from broken-down body protein and fats because protein and fat molecules, when used as fuel, yield less than their total caloric value in the form the muscles can use.

The remaining portion is used for the conversion of these molecules into suitable fuel. The fact that the body can and will use body fats and proteins when the supply and stores of blood sugar and glycogen are not great enough to meet the demand for energy exemplifies two facts: It has many back-up arrangements for survival in emergency situations when sufficient carbohydrates are not available.

It has been found that people who are accustomed to doing prolonged or strenuous work have larger stores of glycogen and of phosphate esters in their muscles than those not accustomed to much physical activity.

It is, therefore, beneficial to do regular vigorous exercise to increase our storage of muscle glycogen. We will then be prepared to expend energy for longer and more strenuous exercise—whether it be in an emergency or in pursuing pleasure.

Carbohydrates simply furnish our fuel or energy needs—and nothing more. What is being said in the textbooks is that proteins consumed will be used for tissue building and maintenance rather than being used as an emergency source of energy as long as the carbohydrate intake is sufficient.

This is true, but it is only another way of saying that carbohydrates are the primary and most efficient source of energy or fuel and that it is best not to try to meet our fuel needs from proteins.

It is stating the true fact that carbohydrates, not proteins, supply our primary nutrient needs.Confused about your daily carb intake? health and diet when trying to lose weight or build muscle. Confused about your daily carb intake? Learn how carbs REALLY affect your body, health and diet when trying to lose weight or build muscle.

Yes, your brain and other tissues do require a small amount, but the human body is actually capable. Without carbohydrates, your body will begin to break down your muscle tissue to fuel your body, which will sabotage your efforts.

Carbs in the human body essay

Carb lovers lament low-carb diets, and anti-carb crusaders posit that you can avoid carbs for the most part and still do well. Fuel for the human body takes three basic forms: carbohydrates (sugars), protein, and fat.

Humans are capable of burning all three of these fuels, but do so at different . Both carbohydrates and lipids act as the main fuels and energy storage compounds of the human body. The biochemical metabolism of carbohydrates and lipids are closely interconnected, but these macronutrients have different purposes.

Carbs in the human body essay

A summary of Types of Carbohydrates in 's Carbohydrates. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Carbohydrates and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. The human body is made up of a head, neck, torso, two arms and two legs.

The average height of an adult human is about 5 to 6 feet tall. The human body is made to stand erect, walk on two feet, use the arms to carry and lift, and has opposable thumbs (able to grasp).

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