Image Debunking the Australia Day Myth1: While Indigenous Australians and their supporters want to change the date for Australia Day, there's a belief by many that the date has always been 26 January and it should remain on that date.
A biography of the Australian continent Feud and Warfare In traditional Aboriginal society, warfare was armed conflict by the members of one social unit, it could be a tribe or clan, or in the name of the unit, against another unit. Feud, though it may have wider implications, involving many people, was armed conflict between family groups or kin groups.
Feuds sometimes became warfare. Howitt describes incidents of armed combat and duelling. He also reported that a blood feud could spread, eventually involving an entire tribe Howitt, Some feuds in western and eastern Arnhem Land went back a number of years, attempts at peacemaking failing repeatedly.
Basedow divides Aboriginal warfare into 2 categories, inter-tribal fighting and intra-tribal or inter-clan feuding. He claimed inter-tribal fighting was common in the early days of contact, but the number of such instances that were actually inter-tribal fighting has been disputed, though some instances are supported by other observers.
It is believed that in most cases incidents that were described as inter-tribal warfare were actually armed expeditions that were socially sanctioned for a particular purpose, such as to avenge a death, or to punish an offender. Howitt and Gason in Woods, described a Dieri armed party pinya.
The men taking part in the pinya wear a white headband, their beards are tipped with human hair, and diagonal red and white stripes were painted across their chest and stomach.
When they reach the camp of the condemned man they ask for him. The people of the camp know the reason for the demand and usually hand over the man for justice. He is taken by the hand, they announce his sentence, then lead him aside and he is killed by one of the pinya with a blow from a large boomerang.
In some examples sorcery could be used instead of physical violence. In a man from Arnhem Land was accused of an incestuous relationship. Before his trial he fled the camp, automatically incurring the death penalty. He was taken to the Darwin hospital where tests failed to find any reason for his sickness.
Among the Aranda the avenging party is called atninga. They are usually formed following a quarrel between 2 groups, often over women or a death suspected of resulting from sorcery. Spencer and Gillen, One case is known of where the men of the atninga were offered women in the ordinary way.
They indicated their hostile intentions by rejecting the women. They reached an agreement after a couple of days, in return for the death of 3 men, the 3rd man had boasted of killing a man from the tribe of the atninga, the local men would be unharmed and help the atninga men.
The avengers danced around the bodies while the others watched passively. The actual killers were called immirinja and the decoys were called alknalarinika. When the atninja returned to their camp they were greeted by old women dancing and waving their fighting clubs.
It was fairly common to send women to a camp of visitors whose intentions were uncertain. It was usually done as a friendly gesture to appease an enemy.
But sometimes it was used to put the visitors off their guard and so vulnerable to an attack. Sometimes members of avenging parties captured the wives and daughters, and occasionally sons, of the men they killed. A number of such instances were mentioned by Howitt, On the Hunter River, the Geawegal keep captured women of the correct intermarrying group.
Many cases of similar events have been reported, such as from the Maryborough region of Queensland, southeast South Australia, southwestern Victoria, the Yorke peninsula, and Gippsland.
It is now believed that many of these reported captures were simply examples of the custom of marrying by capture, the party of men go for a woman, not as revenge, but as a marriage custom.Under international law and domestic contractual law - no treaty or contract can be classified as legal if we are under the 'rules and disciplines of war'.
politics; What life was like for Aboriginal people during colonisation. IT HAS been described as a “good thing” for Aborigines, but a map shows what colonisation was really like for Australia. Dane Wigington regardbouddhiste.com Frequencies play a profound part in the unimaginably miraculous and complex web of life.
The impacts or frequencies (and the effects they can create) are truly beyond comprehension as the very profound 3 minute video below clearly reveals. [The Museum is CLOSED Temporarily. Apologies for any inconvenience.] The Aboriginal Heritage Office hosts a museum of Aboriginal artefacts and historical displays covering pre .
Discover where Australia begins at Tjapukai. Explore the rich history of the world’s oldest living culture, dating back over 40, years. Whether you visit the park by day or night, you’ll enjoy a unique cultural experience with performance, dance, food and arts. Author: Anita Heiss and Melodie-Jane Gibson.
The Council of the City of Sydney acknowledges Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the traditional custodians of our land – Australia.