Introduction In this article we will address the question of how culture is conceptualized and manifests itself in the application of qualitative methodology. With this objective we attempt to summaries contributions from the field of intercultural and cross-cultural communication which we feel may be of help in moving towards the necessary conceptualization. It is also hoped that the arguments here reviewed will enable us to analyze, from a general perspective, the relationship between culture and some of the most significant components of qualitative research. We offer a concise presentation of the history of cross-cultural and intercultural communication as a research field, and then continue by offering an outline of the basic idea of culture as it is applied in studies of intercultural communication.
SEI scores for our subjects ranged from 15—the score for private household servants, solderers, and shoe machine operators—to 82—the score for pharmacists, postsecondary teachers, and petroleum engineers—and had a median of 23—the score for light truck drivers, animal caretakers, and parking lot attendants.
We classify these themes under 4 major topics—treatment wishes, expression of treatment wishes, advance directives, and decision-making about terminal care. Tables 2 — 4 provide a sample of quotes for each theme. Example from a Euro American: Example from a Mexican American: Example from an African American: That stops my kin, my kids, from blocking life and death, putting that life saver on me….
I feel real good about that. Why, of course, he does what his patient wants. This is just for health care. If something happened to me by myself here, I might bleed to death…. I gave my consent.
I pulled through so far. My decisions have been made. They brought a paper and laid it on. They just brought the paper? It just seems like too many people handling too many things.
And they get it mixed up and turned around. I got it in my bag. If I can be revived, fine. If not,… let me go,… The doctors try their best. I told my son … I would cut my wrists and bleed to death.
Then I have written so my folks can step in…. There are some doctors that do not believe in helping you go….
One of my kids or whoever I appoint…. You might not even be in sickness then…. The 3 ethnic groups shared 6 themes, possibly reflecting a common American core culture Table 2. Most subjects in all 3 groups had views about life and death that influenced their treatment wishes, and most preferred a particular family member as proxy.
In addition, most subjects in all 3 groups answered some questions about ADs with a theme—perhaps an artifact of our analysis—expressing the belief that their treatment wishes would be followed but failed to mention explicitly in those answers a link between their belief and ADs.
The 3 groups also shared misconceptions about ADs and anticipated obstacles to using them. The most widespread misconceptions were that ADs are testamentary wills or treatment consents, require an attorney, and concern funeral or burial arrangements. The anticipated obstacles to using ADs included lack of staff explanation of ADs, subject inattentiveness to explanations, anticipated bureaucratic obstacles, and fear that ADs could harm the patient.
The groups differed on the other 19 themes, probably reflecting specific ethnic cultures. Some of these themes distinguished 2 groups that shared the theme from the third group that did not Table 3. Mexican Americans and African Americans shared 4 themes—the influence of family dynamics on the choice of a proxy or the decisions a proxy may make, the lack of expression of treatment wishes to their physicians, the belief that the health care system controls treatment, and trust in their chosen proxies.
Euro Americans and African Americans shared 2 themes—expression of treatment wishes to family and the belief that the existence of ADs just means the patient is imminently dying.
I think I would use it…. He came and talked to me. What did I think?
If I wanted to go ahead and sign it. And I never did sign anything. Whatever they make me sign sometimes. They want to get me well. Anyway, the right you give it to the man….Another dominant cultural divide stems from Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck's () two proposed value orientations.
One orientation focuses on activity, the other on being and becoming. The activity orientation places a premium on "activity which results in accomplishments that . According to Holland's model, people who like to use their social skills to persuade others, and who perceive themselves as self-confident, sociable, and popular, would most likely be considered as having the ____ personal orientation.
Give the similarities and differences of levels of culture. the shift from single-cultural focus to the bi-cultural comparison. in my regardbouddhiste.comng to see who would win. all cultures can be classified on the basis of the strong and weak contextual dependency. above all to climb a tree.
The Cultural Orientations Approach can be 5/5(1). Themes: Similarities and Differences Between Cultures Themes: Similarities and Differences Between Cultures Chapter: (p) 12 Themes: Similarities and Differences Between Cultures Source: A World History of Ancient Political Thought Author(s): Antony Black (Contributor Webpage).
- Cultural Dimensions in People Management For any international organization, it is of extremely significance to understand cultural differences and make good use of them in the global context. Through insight into a culture perspective, the article analyzes the role and impact of culture.
One similarity between individual identity and any given culture is the value of experience. A person must experience something within life to know who they are. What Are the Similarities Between Culture and Identity? A: What Are the Similarities and Differences Between an MRI Machine and a PET Scan?